An introduction on Salmonella.
Salmonella, the name of a group of bacteria, is one of the most common causes of food poisoning. Usually, symptoms last 4-7 days and most people get better without treatment. But, Salmonella can cause more serious illness in older adults, infants, and persons with chronic diseases. Salmonella bacteria are easily killed by properly cooking the food which contains the Salmonella.
Most people infected with Salmonella usually develop diarrhoea, fever, and stomach cramps from 12 to 72 hours after being infected. Once infected, the illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment. But, in some cases, the diarrhoea can become so severe that the person who is infected must be hospitalized. In these cases, the Salmonella bacteria may spread from the intestines, and into the blood stream, then to the rest of the body. As a result of this occurring, the patient must be treated with antibiotics promptly. If this does not happen, the patient could possibly die.
Salmonella infections usually resolve in 4 to 7 days and often do not require treatment other than oral fluids. People with severe diarrhoea may require rehydration by using specific fluids. Antibiotics, such as ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, or ciprofloxacin, are not usually necessary unless the infection spreads from the intestines. Some Salmonella bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, largely as a result of the use of antibiotics to promote the growth of food animals.
Prevention of this disease is simpler than most. The most common reason as to why persons are infected, is because the food which contains the Salmonella wasn't cooked thoroughly. This allows the Salmonella to continue to thrive in the under-cooked food. Also, just simple hygiene habits will help lower the risks of Salmonella infection. Things like washing your hands, kitchen work surfaces, and utensils with soap and water immediately after they have been in contact with raw meat or poultry. Cross-contamination of foods should be avoided. Uncooked meats should be kept separate from produce, cooked foods, and ready-to-eat foods. Hands, cutting boards, counters, knives, and other utensils should be washed thoroughly after touching uncooked foods. Hand should be washed before handling food, and between handling different food items.
Salmonella can be easily avoided by maintaining hygienic conditions in the kitchen. If someone does get infected with this disease, it will usually last for 4 to 7 days without any treatment whatsoever. Symptoms are easily recognizable as you may suffer diarrhoea, fever, and stomach cramps. Rarely the Salmonella will spread from the intestines and into the blood stream which spreads it through your body. At this time treatment is essential otherwise the disease may cause death. General hygiene is the key to avoiding this disease and clean kitchen conditions should be met easily.